Iniobong Essien

Iniobong Essien

Postdoctoral fellow

Leuphana Universität Lüneburg

Short Bio

I study intergroup processes and social context. For example, my research investigates how places are described differently depending on the groups of people living there; how the social composition of school contexts affects teachers' decision making in the classroom; or how geographic regions might differ in terms of intergroup bias.

I am a postdoctoral researcher at the Professorship for Social and Organisational Psychology of Social Work at Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Germany.

  • Intergroup Relations
  • Stereotyping and Prejudice
  • Social Context
  • Social Identity
  • Stigmatized Groups
  • Doctor of Science (Dr. rer. nat.) in Social Psychology, 2020

    Universität Hamburg

  • Diplom Degree (equivalent M.A.) in Psychology, 2012

    Universität Hamburg


Published or in Press

* Co-first authors.

Essien, I., & Rohmann, A. (2024). Space-focused stereotypes of immigrant neighbourhoods. British Journal of Social Psychology.

Stelter, M.*, Essien, I.*, Rohmann, A., Degner, J., & Kemme, S. (2023). Shooter biases and stereotypes among police and civilians. Acta Psychologica, 232, Article 103820, 1–14. Preprint

Froehlich, L., Essien, I., & Martiny, S. E. (2022). Stereotype in Kindergärten und Kindertagesstätten: Theoretische Grundlagen, empirische Evidenz und Interventionsansätze für pädagogisches Fachpersonal. In S. Glock (Ed.), Stereotype in der Schule II: Ursachen und Möglichkeiten der Intervention (pp. 137–170). Springer.

Essien, I., Stelter, M., Rohmann, A., & Degner, J. (2022). Beyond stereotypes: Prejudice as an important missing force explaining group disparities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 45, e74. Preprint

Stelter, M.*, Essien, I.*, Sander, C., & Degner, J. (2022). Racial bias in police traffic stops: White residents' county-level prejudice and stereotypes are related to disproportionate stopping of Black drivers. Psychological Science, 33(4), 483–496. Preprint

Degner, J., Floether, J., Essien, I. (2021). Do members of disadvantaged groups explain group status with group stereotypes? Frontiers in Psychology.

Essien, I., Calanchini, J., & Degner, J. (2021). Moderators of intergroup evaluation in disadvantaged groups: A comprehensive test of predictions from system justification theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 120(5), 1204–1230.

Kemme, S., Essien, I., & Stelter, M. (2020). Antimuslimische Einstellungen in der Polizei? Der Zusammenhang von Kontakthäufigkeit und -qualität mit Vorurteilen und Stereotypen gegenüber Muslimen. Monatsschrift für Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform, 103(2), 129–149.

Brandt, M. J., Kuppens, T., Spears, R., Andrighetto, L., Autin, F., Babincak, P., Badea, C., Bae, J., Batruch, A., Becker, J. C., Bocian, K., Bodroža, B., Bourguignon, D., Bukowski, M., Butera, F., Butler, S. E., Chryssochoou, X., Conway, P., Crawford, J. T., … Essien, I., … & Zimmerman, J. L. (2020). Subjective status and perceived legitimacy across countries. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50(5), 921–942.

Essien, I., Degner, J., & Otten, S. (2020). Group evaluations as self-group distancing: Ingroup typicality moderates evaluative intergroup bias in stigmatized groups. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50(6), 1108–1124.

Essien, I.*, Stelter, M.*, Kalbe, F., Köhler, A., Mangels, J., & Meliß, S. (2017). The shooter bias: Replicating the classic effect and introducing a novel paradigm. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 70, 41–47.

Degner, J., Essien, I., & Reichardt, R. (2016): Effects of diversity versus segregation on automatic approach and avoidance behavior towards own and other ethnic groups. European Journal of Social Psychology, 46(6), 783–791.


Reimer, N. K., Branković, M., Essien, I., Goh, J. X., Goudeau, S., Lantos, N. A., & Veldman, J. (2022). Double standards in judging collective actions. PsyArXiv.

Under Review or in Preparation

Essien, I., Froehlich, L., Siem, B., & Rohmann, A. (2022). Context-based discrimination in school. Manuscript in preparation.